Preface

Acknowledgements

Author biography

1 Let there be light!

1.1
Introduction

1.2
History

1.3
What are force fields?

1.4
Electric and magnetic fields

1.5
Maxwell’s equations

2 Quanta and photons, oh my!

2.1
Prologue

2.2
Introduction

2.3
Black-body radiation

2.4 The
photoelectric effect

2.5
Compton scattering

2.6 de
Broglie’s hypothesis

2.7
What’s waving?

2.8 The
Heisenberg uncertainty principle

2.8.1
Introduction

2.8.2
The timbre of musical instruments

2.8.3
Fourier transforms and the uncertainty principle

3 Atoms, oh my!

3.1
Atomic sizes and masses

3.2
Atomic spectra

3.3 The
discovery of the electron

3.4
Ernest Rutherford and the ‘nuclear model’

3.5 The
Bohr model of the hydrogen atom

3.6 The
modern atomic model 3

3.6.1
Solving Schrödinger’s equation for hydrogen

3.6.2
Spin and the Pauli exclusion principle

3.6.3
Atoms beyond hydrogen

3.6.4
More details of multi-electron atoms

4 Nuclear physics

4.1
Introduction

4.2
Discovery of the neutron

4.3 The
nuclear force (the strong interaction)

4.4
Nuclear masses and binding energies

4.5
Nuclear systematics

4.6
Radioactivity

4.6.1
Introduction

4.6.2
Half-life

4.6.3
α-radiation

4.6.4 β^{−}-radiation

4.6.5 β^{+}-radiation

4.6.6
γ-radiation

4.6.7
Spontaneous fission

4.6.8
Effects of radiation

4.7
Nuclear fission

4.7.1
Introduction

4.7.2
How to cause fission

4.7.3
How to keep fission going

4.7.4
How to control fission

4.7.5
Nuclear reactors

4.8
Nuclear fusion

4.9 The
standard model

5 Epilogue

5.1 Ask
the psychic

5.2 Off
the wall hall of fame

Appendices

A The
constants of electricity and magnetism

B
Energy

C
Elastic collisions

D
Commonly used units

E The
Schrödinger equation

F The
Bohr model of hydrogen

G
Detecting spin

H
Chronology

I
Miscellaneous calculations and